Newsletter No.7 Winter 2013-2014

 Fisher Institute Newsletter

No.7 Winter 2013

 

  

Dear Readers:
 
We have been exceedingly busy these past few months.
 
The reverberations from the National Security Conference, "40 Years Since the Yom Kippur War" are continuing to keep us occupied.  As the anniversary day approached, there was a revival in the country in general and in the Israel Air Force in particular, of that fateful event.
 
Discussions held about the key issues, including those that for various reasons we did not have sufficient time to address, were critically important.
 
It was clear to us that there was a great need to continue the discussions, as such we are conducting workshops on dealing with surprise at air force bases throughout Israel.  Participants in the first workshop, scheduled to take place in February at Sde Dov Air Base, will include all base officers, assistants and combat managers.
 
The subject of civil aviation in Israel was successfully covered in the two seminars held during the past year. There was great interest in the subject matter, indeed to such an extent that various bodies were anxious to explore other topics, but due to time pressures we were unable to meet all their demands.  What is perhaps most outstanding is the upgrading of the last conference where an impressive list of international experts were in attendance.
 
Additionally, the Fisher Institute assisted in organizing meetings with the Romanian General Aviation Agency and Cyprus Aviation with the aim to improve cooperative efforts between these agencies and Israel's Aviation Agency.
 
Special efforts were made this year to strengthen our connection with the RAND Corporation.  RAND Corporation researchers visited the Fisher Institute on a number of occasions to hold discussions on research they are conducting.  They met with Fisher Institute's Brig. Gen (ret.) Ephraim Segoli, Head of Airpower and the Asymmetric Conflict Center, to discuss research projects. Segoli visited RAND's headquarters in California and presented our research project entitled "The Asymmetric Conflict -- A Conceptual Revolution in Air Power Employment."
 
We are continuing with our research on the Iranian Space Programs, the Iranian Missiles System, "The Golden Hour," space's response capabilities for civil missions, etc.
 
We are actively involved in the "Forum for Creating Israel's Grand National Strategy", headed by the Technion and IDC, Herzliya; a number of brainstorming sessions and discussions have already taken place at the Fisher Institute.
 
We've expanded our publications and have concretized our cooperative efforts with a number of media outlets, among them "Israel Defense" and "Hayadan" so that we can publish professional, engaging materials to interested audiences on aviation and space, be it in the fields of civil, military and/or research.
 
We are also expanding our engagement with youth encouraging them to study science and technology.
 
In an effort to present projects at the upcoming Space Conference, we have called for proposals from Israel's leading high schools, asking them to present their projects in the coming space conference.
 
The number of students using our library materials is growing; also growing are the materials in our collection, available digitally.
 
In conclusion, last month we marked 100 years of aviation in Israel.  We worked in close cooperation with the exhibit's curator at the Eretz Yisrael Museum and helped select the "first day cover" and the special stamps issued in honor of this historical event.  I urge you to visit the exhibit at the Eretz Yisrael Museum and follow all the related activities.
 
I hope you enjoy reading our newest newsletter
 
Asaf Agmon
Head of the Fisher Institute

 

Coming Up

 

The 9th Ilan Ramon Annual International Space Conference
Scheduled for January 29-30, 2014 at the IAF Center. The Conference is being organized
by the Fisher Institute for Air & Space Strategic Studies in cooperation with the Ministry of Science, Technology and Space, and the Israeli Space Agency.  
We have approval for the participation of high level officials, including heads of space agencies from the US (NASA), Canada (CSA), Europe (ESA), Italy (ASI), China (CNSA), France (CNES) – and more to follow.
Program and registration can be found here


Tenth National Security Conference preparations are underway.  The conference will focus on the subject of the "Air Force and Space in a Grand National Strategy for the State of Israel. "


"Coping with Surprise" will be the key subject during February's seminar specifically geared to commanders of the Sde Dov Air Force base. This seminar is an outgrowth of our annual conference which took place this past May, entitled "Insights and Lessons Culled from the Yom Kippur War." Read More 


 

The Future of Aviation: Safer, More Efficient, And Cheaper

The 6th Annual Civil Aviation Conference, jointly sponsored by The Fisher Institute, CAAI (Civil Aviation Authority of Israel) and the Mediterranean Flight Safety Foundation was held on November 18, 2013 at the IAF Center in Herzliya. The day-long conference covered a wide range of subjects, with the focus on the development of civil aviation and where it is heading over the next few decades. A wide range of issues were covered: from increasing airport capacity while maintaining high safety and environmental standards to protocols for greater international cooperation.

Read more
  

Welcome Fisher Institute to the International Astronautical Federation

The International Astronautical Federation General Assembly welcomed the Fisher Institute as a new member at their conference held in Beijing, China in September 2013.  This year's theme was "Promoting Space Development for the Benefits of Mankind."

  Read more 

 

Regional Cooperation on Air Safety
Mr. Cristos Petrou, Regional President of the Flight Safety Foundation, recently met with Fisher Institute representatives to discuss regional air safety in the region, which includes South East Europe, the Middle East and Cyprus. His visit coincided with the Foundation's desire to formalize and institutionalize regional cooperative efforts with the Flight Safety Foundation and strengthen the implementation of enhanced flight safety procedures and resources.

Read more.  
 


The 8th Annual International Ilan Ramon Space Conference's Proceedings have just been released.


 

Ofek Satellite on Display at the Fisher Institute. 

At the entrance to the Institute is a model of the Ofek Satellite loaned to the Institute by Israel Aircraft Industries.  

 

Centennial Exhibition of First Flight to Land in Israel
The Fisher Institute worked in close cooperation with the Eretz Israel Museum on the Museum's centennial exhibition, "A Vision of Air Flight" celebrating 100 years since the first plane landed in Israel.  The first plane landed in Israel on Dec. 27, 1913.  You can visit the exhibition online.

 

"New in Space"  Newsletter
We recently launched a Newsletter focusing on news about space.  The bi-weekly publication is being produced in conjunction with the internet site "Hayadan."

 


New Online Learning about Space and Air Travel
The Fisher Institute opened a new website about space and air travel geared to teachers.   The site offers a wide selection of games and activities for children of all ages, with the aim of encouraging more learning about and interest in the subject matter.The site was built in close cooperation with the Ministry of Education.


 

Ministry of Defense recently approved the Fisher Institute as an official supplier, greatly facilitating the obtainment of consulting projects with the Ministry of Defense.    

 


The Center for Airpower and the Asymmetric Conflict is participating in compiling a written national strategy for the State of Israel, under the leadership of Prof. Uzi Arad and a first-class team of experts.  Prof. Uzi Arad requested the Center prepare the document focusing on the role of the air force and space in this national strategy.  In light of this vital request, we assembled a team of experts and have also decided to devote the 10th National Security Conference to this matter.

 

 

  

 

 


 

 

 

The Future of Aviation: Safer, More Efficient, and Cheaper

The 6th Annual Civil Aviation Conference, jointly sponsored by The Fisher Institute, CAAI (Civil Aviation Authority of Israel) and the Mediterranean Flight Safety Foundation was held at the IAF Center, Herzliya on November 18, 2013.  The day-long conference covered a wide range of subjects, focusing on the development of civil aviation and where it is heading over the next few decades. Numerous issues were covered, from increasing airport capacity while maintaining high safety and environmental standards to protocols for greater international cooperation.

 

El Al's Quiet (Exciting) News

The conference welcomed representatives from Eurocontrol, MITRE (USA), ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization), Airbus, and WIZZ Air, who were joined by Israeli representatives from El Al, Israir and Arkia, CAL and IAA (Israel Airport Authority)
 
A key aim of the conference was to explore avenues for intensified regional as well as international cooperation, how best to provide better service and a more harmonized approach to the issues impacting all civilian airlines.
 
One issue that 'plagues' the airlines is the growing demand for higher standards while simultaneously demanding lowering costs.  With increasing pressure to lower costs, El Al used the conference as the venue to intimate the launching of a new low-cost carrier (LCC).  Called UP, El Al just recently made the carrier public. 
 
Maximizing Capacity

In addition to aiming for higher standards and lower costs, airport capacity has to be significantly increased to outpace the growing demand. 

 

Ben Gurion Airport

In addition to aiming for higher standards and lower costs, airport capacity has to be significantly increased to outpace the growing demand.

 

Dr. Bernard Lisker, MITRE's Chief Engineer and International Director for Europe and Latin America spoke about different ways in which MITRE has helped to increase air capacity in airports throughout the world. The MITRE Corporation, whose roots began in the computer laboratories of MIT, is a not-for-profit company that operates multiple federally funded research and development centers where advanced technology and systems engineering can provide innovative, practical solutions to critical issues.

 

"People want airports close to the centers they service however no one wants the noise. There is also the issue of land scarcity.  However, by 'thinking outside of the ICAO box', airports can reach some unprecedented capacity." Among the many possibilities Dr. Lisker spoke about included reducing the distance of close parallel approaches, developing triple parallel runways, utilizing military runways, etc. 
 
Many of the issues Dr. Lisker discussed had direct impact on Israel, and Dr. Lisker cautioned Israel whose airspace will be stretched to the limit, only to be further aggravated by the pending closing of the Sde Dov Airport and perhaps the Herzliya Airport.  While MITRE predicts Ben Gurion Airport's growth will be compounded by 5% over the next few years, later on in the conference, Col. Udi Bar-Oz, Deputy General Director of Israel Airport Authority, corrected the figure saying that Ben Gurion's growth is already at 11%. In light of all of this, the $64,000 question is what will be done to meet this galloping growth? 

 

Col. Udi Bar-Oz presented a detailed overview of plans for increasing capacity at Ben Gurion Airport and the limitations in which they are operating.  "We are already upgrading runways at Ben Gurion. We have restructured the landings and take-offs of planes so that we can significantly increase air traffic.  "All along," Col. Bar-Oz explained, "we have consulted with international experts.  We have managed to minimize the noise and pollution levels to residents in surrounding areas. And all of this in light of the fact that we are constantly working within great limitations: e.g. 5 miles to the east is the Palestinian Authority, and 8 miles north is Israel's northern border, alongside the complex issues vis a vis Cyprus."

 

Networking in Air

A common problem that most countries are having to confront, regardless of their size, is "airspace saturation" and possible solutions were presented to redesign airspace while maximizing current air fields.  

 

Mr. Frank Brenner is the Director General of Eurocontrol, an international organization composed of Member States from the European Region. Eurocontrol works closely with air navigation service providers (ANSPs), civil and military airspace users, airports, the aerospace industry, professional organizations, intergovernmental organizations and the European institutions, seeking to create a single European Regulation Sky.  "Over the years Eurocontrol has been doing outreach to Israel aiming to move the traffic flow into what is called much more of a network."

 

The pillars of cooperation, performance and safety that Eurocontrol has established have great applicability to Israel.  Primary among the issues that member states are dealing with is capacity.  As more and more flights are increasing over the Gulf region, capacity will become a very critical issue.  "Overall the capacity and delay figures are brilliant now, however we need to work on the performance and increased capacity.  We must take actions now, well in advance to cater to an undisturbed traffic flow," Brenner cautioned the audience.

 

Global Aviation Safety Priority

While capacity was a feature of the conference, safety also took center stage.  Henry Gourdji, Chief of the Safety Oversight Audit Section of the ICAO spoke about a global aviation safety priority. 

 

Creating a global network of states working harmoniously together will enhance runway safety and enrich safety guidelines.  Among some of the latest initiatives are: setting an upper age limit for pilots, improved efficiency of en-route operations, new dangerous goods standards, enhanced vision systems, paperless aircraft operations, etc.

 

Airlines are not the only airborne instruments that come under their purview.  "We are seeking to expand our arm's reach and looking to create standards, benchmarks for anything that is in the air" which includes UAV's as well as issues surrounding cyber security.

 

"We understand that there are differences from country to country, but by 2022 all member states," Henry Gourdji explained, "should fully implement the ICAO safety standard performance framework."


 

 

Welcome Fisher Institute to the International Astronautical Federation

The International Astronautical Federation General Assembly welcomed the Fisher Institute as a new member at their conference held in Beijing, China in September 2013.  This year's theme was "Promoting Space Development for the Benefits of Mankind."
 
The Fisher Institute joins fellow Israeli organizations: Israel Aerospace Industries, Ltd., Israel Society of Aeronautics & Astronautics, the Israel Space Agency and Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, Ltd.
Created in 1951 to foster dialogue between scientists around the world and support international cooperation in all space-related activities, the Federation's key goal is to connect space people.  As the world's leading space advocacy body, with over 270 members across 64 countries, membership provides the Fisher Institute with a bevy of special privileges and benefits, not the least of which is access to a global network of experts and potential partners, and the option to participate in shaping Federation global policy. 


The Fisher Institute has maintained a strong relationship with Astronautical Federation members throughout the years who have also participated in Fisher Institute conferences.  At last year's Ilan Ramon Conference, Prof. Brandt Feurbacher, Astronautical Federation's previous President, served as head of the science panel.


 

 

 

Regional Cooperation on Air Safety
Mr. Cristos Petrou, Regional President of the Flight Safety Foundation, recently met with Fisher Institute representatives to discuss regional air safety in the region, which includes South East Europe, the Middle East and Cyprus. His visit coincided with the Foundation's desire to formalize and institutionalize regional cooperative efforts with the Flight Safety Foundation and strengthen the implementation of enhanced flight safety procedures and resources.

 

Membership in the Flight Safety Foundation includes more than 1,000 organizations and individuals in 150 countries, all working together to bridge the cultural and political differences in a common effort to enhance safety.

 

Among the key subjects discussed was the ‫swelling helicopter traffic‬ as a result of the increasing number of sea-based drilling rafts between Israel and Cyprus.  The signed agreement with SFS-MED aims for greater cooperation on joint research projects, conferences and publications.

 


"Coping with Surprise" will be the key subject during February's seminar specifically geared to commanders of the Sde Dov Air Force base. This seminar is an outgrowth of our annual conference which took place this past May, entitled "Insights and Lessons Culled from the Yom Kippur War."

 

The concept of 'surprise attack' in all of its manifestations was recognized as extremely relevant for today.  The upcoming seminar will be a joint effort between the Head of the Research Center and Dr. Menachem Gelbard, a featured lecturer at the annual conference, who expressed great interest in continuing to explore the subject with us.  We feel confident the success of this seminar will trigger a series of other such seminars throughout the Air Force.

 


 

 

Grand National Strategy for the State of Israel.

The Center is participating in compiling a written national strategy for the State of Israel, under the leadership of Prof. Uzi Arad and a first-class team of experts.  Prof. Uzi Arad requested the Center prepare the document focusing on the role of the air force and space in this national strategy.  In light of this vital request, we assembled a team of experts and have also decided to devote the 10th National Security Conference to this matter.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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